Growing marijuana is not easy. But it can be fun and a rewarding experience. It can also be challenging, frustrating and expensive. For small and first time growers, an indoor rowing can prove too costly as an option. However, the good news is that a small outdoor garden can yield abundantly quality indica weed plant without a large monetary investment. All you’ve got to have is a sunny spot in your private yard or even a balcony, terrace or rooftop, where you can successfully grow marijuana. You must consider, however the following factors in order to set up your first outdoor growing of marijuana.
Step 1: Consider the Climate
Marijuana is a plant highly adaptable to various climatic conditions. It is crucial that growers must have a good understanding of the climate in the area where he intended to grow his first marijuana plant. A marijuana plant is very susceptible to extreme weather conditions. In areas where there is a sustained temperature of 86, ®F will cause plants to stop growing while in areas with temperatures below 55®F can also cause damage and even death. Heavy rains and high winds can cause physical damage to plants and reduce yields, and excessive moisture can lead to mold and powdery mildew, especially during flowering.
Step 2: Pick a Location when cultivating an Indica Weed Plant
Your cannabis plants should receive at least 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight per day, ideally during midday when the quality of light is the best.
That is why choosing the location for your outdoor garden will be the most important decision you have to make. If you live in an area where sustained daytime temperatures are above 86°F, you might want to choose a spot that gets direct sun early in the day and filtered sun during the hottest parts of the day. An area that gets a constant breeze is also a good choice in hot climates. On the other hand, if you live in an area that sees a lot of high winds, you should consider planting near a windbreak of some sort, like a wall, fence, or large shrubbery. Those who live in cooler climates can benefit from planting near a feature that retains heat, like a south-facing brick wall or fence, while those in hot areas will definitely want to avoid these spots.
Step 3: Acquire Some Soil
Silty soil is the ideal growing medium. It’s easy to work, warms quickly, holds moisture while also having good drainage, and contains a lot of nutrients. The best silty loam is found in prehistoric riverbeds and lake bottoms. This dark, crumbly soil is the most fertile, and will likely need little or no amendment
The soil is made up of three basic components in various ratios:
If you really want to ensure good results and minimize headaches, having your soil tested is easy and relatively inexpensive. A soil testing service will tell you the makeup and pH of your soil, notify you of any contaminants, and also recommend amending materials and fertilizers.
Step 4: Get Some Fertilizer
Many long-time outdoor marijuana growers are dedicated to organic methods of fertilization because it takes full advantage of the microbial life in the soil and minimizes harmful runoff. There are many different naturals and organic fertilizers available at your local home and garden store like blood meal, bone meal, fish meal, bat guano, and kelp meal. Educating yourself about what they are and how they work will be extremely useful.
Cannabis plants require a large amount of food over their lifecycle, mainly in the form of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, and how you choose to feed them will depend on your methods and soil composition.
Commercial fertilizers aimed at home gardeners can be used if you have a good understanding of how they work and what your plants need, but should generally be avoided by less experienced growers. You can purchase nutrient solutions designed specifically for cannabis from your local grow shop, but these are often expensive and can damage soil bacteria as they are generally composed of synthetic mineral salts and intended for indoor, soil-less growing.
Step 5: Give Your Cannabis Plants Water
Large cannabis plants can use up to 10 gallons of water every day in warm weather. While outdoor cannabis gardens have the benefits of rain and groundwater not found indoors, you will most likely need to water your plants frequently, especially in the hotter summer months. Growers who live in hot, arid places will often dig down and place clay soil or rocks below their planting holes to slow drainage or plant in shallow depressions that act to funnel runoff towards the plants. Adding water-absorbing polymer crystals to the soil is another good way to improve water retention.
If you live in a particularly rainy climate, you may need to take steps to improve drainage around your garden, as cannabis roots are very susceptible to fungal diseases when they are in waterlogged conditions. These techniques include:
- Planting in raised beds or mounds
- Digging ditches that direct water away from the garden
- Adding things like gravel, clay pebbles, and perlite to the soil
Step 6. Choose Your Container Gardens
Container gardens are often a good choice for people who don’t have the ideal spot to grow or have really terrible soil conditions. There are numerous benefits to growing outdoors in containers, but there are drawbacks as well. If you are unable to perform the heavy labor involved with digging holes and amending the soil, containers can be the only way for you to grow your own cannabis.
Containers can be placed on decks, patios, or rooftops, and moved around during the day to take advantage of as much sun as possible or to shield the plants from excessive heat or wind. Additionally, you may use regular cannabis nutrients designed for indoor grows, taking much of the guesswork out of fertilizing your plants.
Step 7: Protect Your Cannabis Plants
In growing marijuana, planning is a must. Planting cannabis outdoors has to figure out plans to protect their plants from extreme weather conditions such as storms and other weather conditions that could damage or even kill them. Planting marijuana indoors also need to have plans to protect the plant from possible damage when controlling failed.
In areas where the temperature reaches below 40°, F can quickly damage almost all varieties of cannabis. In a climate where late spring or early fall frosts are a common occurrence, using cloches, hot caps, cold frames, or other protective enclosures will likely be necessary.
If your garden is located in a particularly windy spot, or you’re expecting a particularly heavy blow, erecting some sort of windbreak is highly recommended. This can be as easy as attaching perforated plastic sheeting to garden stakes around your plants. High winds can break branches, damage trichomes, and stress your plants, leaving them vulnerable to pests and disease.
Rain is generally seen as a nuisance by cannabis growers as it can severely damage the marijuana plant and may cause mold and mildew issues, especially during the flowering stages of the plant. In summer and early fall, rains are likely in your area, it’s wise to choose a variety that has a natural resistance to mold. Make sure to fully support your plants with cages or stakes because rainwater will collect on leaves and buds, weighing your plants down and breaking branches. Otherwise, you can use plastic sheeting and stakes to build temporary shelters over your plants when you know rain is on the way.
Protecting your cannabis garden from pests can be challenging. Animal pests like deer and rabbits are dealt easily with fences and cages will keep them at bay. When it comes to the vast array of crawling and flying insects attacking your plants, things get a little more difficult. The best protection is to simply keep your plants healthy; most vigorous cannabis plants have a natural resistance to pests that make minor infestations easy to deal with. It’s also a good idea to keep your plants separated from other flowers, vegetables, and ornamentals as pests from these can easily spread.
Step 8: Decide on Genetics
According to Robert Bergman “High-quality cannabis starts with good genetics.” Growing cannabis depends on the purpose of your growing marijuana. Some grow an indica weed plant for medical purposes. Others opted for recreational use while others opted for profit.
The success of your outdoor cannabis grow will depend heavily on choosing the right variety for the right purpose, climate, and location. If you live in an area with a history of cannabis growing, chances are good that there are many strains that have been proven successful there, or were even bred specifically for your climate and purpose.