The Cannabis plant Anatomy has a few structures in it, of which many can be found on ordinary flowering plants. Cannabis plants are long and skinny with its iconic five or seven fingered leaves extending from their nodes.

Cannabis is sought after because of its flowers or buds. This is where there is a unique formation of intricate structures like orange fiery hairs with sugary crystal trichomes and popcorn-like buds wrapped in tiny leaves.

Anatomy of Cannabis Plant | Plant Parts

The Cola

The Cola refers to the clumped up bunch of buds on a single stalk. The colas happen on the bud sites of the plant located at the lower branches, which is referred to as the main cola. This is also referred to as the apical bud which is the structure at the tip of the plant.

The Stigma and the Pistil

The pistil houses the reproductive organs of the plant, its vibrant strands that are hair-like are referred to as stigmas. Stigmas function to gather pollen from the males.

The stigmas of a pistil start with white color and will soon develop into bright yellow, orange then red or have earth tones throughout the plant’s life growth. They perform a very important function in the reproduction of the plant, however, stigma does not contribute to the potency of the flowers or the buds.

The Bract and the Calyx

The bract holds the female reproductive parts of the cannabis plants. They appear as green, tear-shaped leaves that are intensely covered in sap organs that produce the most elevated amounts of cannabinoids out of the whole plant structure.

Encased by these bracts and vague to the unaided eye, the calyx alludes to a clear layer over the ovule at a blossom’s base.

The Trichomes

Even Though this can be very tiny, it can be difficult to not see the crystal resin that covers our cannabis buds. This resin that is produced is translucent and is made by an organ shaped like a mushroom in close view, and is located on the steams, leaves and calyxes.

Plants usually produce trichomes to protect themselves against predators. These obvious looking globes are packed with terpenes, which are fragrance oils that are as therapeutic as the Cannabinoids themselves, such as the CBD and THC. Hash creation relies solely on these trichomes and intense sugary resin.

Plants initially created trichomes to secure against hunters and the components. These unmistakable bulbous globes overflow fragrant oils called terpenes just as therapeutic cannabinoids like THC and CBD. The premise of hash creation relies upon these trichomes and their intense sugar-like resin.

Male and Female Marijuana Plants

As a dioecious plant, Cannabis plants have both males and females in their population. Being so, male and female Cannabis plants possess either a male or female reproductive organ and they rely on fertilization to produce offspring through the production of seeds. Only female plants produce the flowers that we consumers are after.

Female Cannabis plants are the ones who produce the resinous flowers or buds we smoke and the males are the ones who produce pollen sacs at the base of their leaves intended to fertilize females to create seeds. That is the reason why growers make the maximum efforts to ensure no rogue male is left in their gardens to ensure their marijuana plants produce as much seedless sensimilla as possible.

Breeders take advantage of this reproductive process of the plants to create new stronger and more resilient strains that grow faster and produce more buds. But growers prefer to use clones or feminized seeds to ensure that they have an all-female batch all throughout the grow to ensure maximum quality and yield.